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深化本科教育教学改革 全面提高人才培养质量——教育部高等教育司负责人就《BG真人深化本科教育教学改革 全面提高人才培养质量的意见》答记者问

文章来源:BG真人 发布时间: 2019年10月15日 点击数: 次 字体:

jinri,jiaoyubuyinfale《bgzhenrenshenhuabenkejiaoyujiaoxuegaige quanmiantigaorencaipeiyangzhiliangdeyijian》(yixiajiancheng《yijian》)。jiaoyubugaodengjiaoyusifuzerenjiu《yijian》xiangguanwentihuidalejizhetiwen。

BG真人wen: 《yijian》chutaidebeijingheyiyishishenme?

da: yishiguancheluoshixijinpingzongshujibgzhenrenjiaoyudezhongyaolunshuhequanguojiaoyudahuidezhongyaojucuo。dangdeshibadalai,xijinpingzongshujijiugaodengjiaoyugaigefazhanzuochupishizhishi,qiangdiaogaodengxuexiaobixujianchiyilideshurenzuoweigenbenrenwu,balideshurendechengxiaozuoweijianyanxuexiaoyiqiegongzuodegenbenbiaozhun,nuligoujiandezhitimeilaoquanmianpeiyangdejiaoyutixi,xingchenggenggaoshuipingderencaipeiyangtixi,weixinshidaigaodengjiaoyugaigefazhanzhiminglefangxiang,tigonglegenbenzunxun。

ershishuxiefenjinzhibi、quanmianzhenxingbenkejiaoyudepoqieyaoqiu。xinshidaiquanguogaodengxuexiaobenkejiaoyugongzuohuiyihezhishugaoxiaogongzuozixunweiyuanhuidiershibaciquantihuiyizhaokaiyilai,gaodengjiaoyuzhanxianjianchiyibenweiben、tuijin“sigehuigui”,yi“fenjinzhibi”weizongzhuashou,chutai“xinshidaigaojiaosishitiao”、qidong“liuzhuoyueyibajian”jihua2.0,tuijinxingongke、xinyike、xinnongke、xinwenkejianshe,poqieyaoqiuchixushenhuajiaoyujiaoxuezhidugaige,weitigaorencaipeiyangzhiliangtigongbaozhang。

sanshiluoshixueshengmangqilai、jiaoshiqiangqilai、guanliyanqilai、xiaoguoshiqilaidexitongbushu。jianchiyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianluoshidangdejiaoyufangzhen,luoshilideshurengenbenrenwu,shixiangaodengjiaoyuneihanshifazhan,batishengrencaipeiyangzhiliangzuoweigongzuozhuxuanlv,tongguoshenhuajiaoyujiaoxuezhidugaige、yindaojiaoshiqianxinyuren、yangejiaoyujiaoxueguanli、jiaqiangzuzhibaozhang,quanmiantishengbenkejiaoyujiaoxue,dalipeiyangdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanren。

BG真人wen: 《yijian》zaiyangejiaoyujiaoxueguanlifangmiantichunaxiejutijucuo?

BG真人da: gaodengjiaoyuyaoshiyingshijiechaoliuheshidaibianhua,balideshurenrongrusixiangdaodejiaoyu、wenhuazhishijiaoyu、shehuishijianjiaoyugehuanjie,jiakuaixingchenggenggaoshuipingderencaipeiyangtixi。《yijian》weiraoyangejiaoyujiaoxueguanli,tichusigefangmianjutijucuo。

yishiqianghuasixiangzhengzhijiaoyu。jianchiyongxijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangzhuhunyuren,jiakuaigoujiangaoxiaosixiangzhengzhigongzuotixi,tuidongxingcheng“sanquanyuren”gongzuogeju。tuidongsixiangzhengzhililunkegaigechuangxin,buduanzengqiangsixiangzhengzhililunkedesixiangxing、lilunxingheqinheli、zhenduixing,chongfenfajuegeleikechenghejiaoxuefangshizhongyunhandesixiangzhengzhijiaoyuziyuan,jiansheyipijuyoushifanxiaoyingdesixiangzhengzhililun“jinke”,tuichuyipikechengsizhengshifankecheng,xuanshuyipikechengsizhengyouxiujiaoshi,jiansheyipigaodengxuexiaokechengsizhengjiaoxueyanjiushifanzhongxin,jianchengyipikechengsizhengshifangaoxiao。

ershiguliheyindaoxueshengkekuxuexi。jianchixueshengzhongxin,jiangyangeguanliyujingxinaihuxiangjiehe,tongguokexuehelishezhixuefenzonglianghekechengshuliang,tigaoxueshengzizhuzhipeixuexideshijianbili,tansuojianlishuyuanzhidengxueshengguanlimoshi,yindaoxueshengduodushu、shensikao、shantiwen、qinshijian,jifaxueshengxuexiqiannenghexuexixingqu。

sanshizhelitigaojiaoyujiaoxuezhiliang。jiaqiangkechengtixizhengtisheji,tongguoshishiguojiajiheshengjiyiliukechengjianshe“shuangwanjihua”,tigaokechengjianshegaojiexing、chuangxinxinghetiaozhandu;tongguogaijinshixiyunxingjizhi,youhuashixiguochengguanli,jianshegongxiangxingshixijidi,tishengshixixiaoguo;tongguoshenhuachuangxinchuangyejiaoyugaige,tishengxueshengchuangxinnenglihechuangxinyishi;tongguojiadakeyanxiangmuhekeyanjidixiangxueshengkaifanglidu,tongchouguifankejijingsaiguanli,qianghuakeyanyuren;tongguowanshanjiaocaijianshetizhijizhi,zhichiheguligaoshuipingzhuanjiaxuezhebianxieyouxiujiaocai,chongfenfahuijiaocaiyurengongneng。

sishiyanbakaoshihebiyeguan。wanshankaohepingjiajizhi,tongguojianliguochengxingkaoheyujieguoxingkaoheyoujijiehedexueyekaopingzhidu,jianjuequxiao“qingkao”,yansuchuligeleibiyesheji(lunwen)xueshuzhongdebuduanxingwei,yangebiyeyaoqiu,yanbaxueweishouyuguan,jianquanrencaipeiyangzhiliangguochengjianguanzhidu。

BG真人wen: 《yijian》zaishenhuajiaoyujiaoxuezhidugaigefangmiannaxiejucuo?

da: zhiliangtishengshishixiangaodengjiaoyuneihanshifazhandehexin。gaodengxuexiaoyaobazhiliangwenhuadangzuotuidongdaxuebuduanqianxing、buduanchaoyuedeneishengdongli,tuidonggaodengjiaoyu“zhilianggeming”,dazaogaodengjiaoyu“zhiliangzhongguo”pinpai。《yijian》weiraoshenhuajiaoyujiaoxuezhidugaige,tichusigefangmianjutijucuo。

BG真人yishiwanshanxuefenzhi。xuefenzhishiyixuefenzuoweihengliangxueshengxuexizhiliangheshuliang,weixueshengtigonggengduoxuanzeyudidejiaoxuezhidu。tongguozhichigaoxiaojinyibuwanshanxuefenzhi,jianliyuxuefenzhigaigehedanxingxuexixiangshiyingdeguanlizhidu,wanshanxuefenbiaozhuntixi,yangexuefenzhiliangyaoqiu,jianlixueyeyujing、taotaijizhi,kuodaxueshengxuexizizhuquan、xuanzequan,shixianyixuefenjileizuoweixueshengbiyebiaozhun。

ershishenhuagaoxiaozhuanyegongjicegaige。anzhaozhuanyejianshe“xiaoluoji”fucongguojiafazhan“daluoji”deyaoqiu,tongguojiakuaigoujianzizhuxing、linghuoxingyuguifanxing、wendingxingxiangtongyidezhuanyeshezhiguanlitixi,shenrushishi“liuzhuoyueyibajian”jihua2.0,quanmianshishiguojiajiheshengjiyiliubenkezhuanyejianshe“shuangwanjihua”,yixingongke、xinyike、xinnongke、xinwenkejiansheweiyinling,daidonggaoxiaozhuanyejiegoudiaozhengyouhuaheneihantisheng。

sanshiwanshanxueshixueweizhidu。tongguoshelifuxiuxueshixuewei,tuixingfuxiuzhuanyezhidu,cujinfuhexingrencaipeiyang;kaizhanshuangxueshixueweirencaipeiyangxiangmu,weixueshengtigongkuaxuekexuexi、duoyanghuafazhanjihui;shishilianhexueshixueweipeiyangxiangmu,cujinbutongtesegaoxiaoxietongtishengrencaipeiyangzhiliang。

BG真人sishiquanmiantuijinzhiliangwenhuajianshe。wanshanzhuanyerenzhengzhidu,youxukaizhanbaohege、shangshuiping、zhuizhuoyuedebenkezhuanyesanjirenzhenggongzuo,jianliyibenkejiaoxuezhiliangbaogao、xueyuanbenkejiaoxuepingjia、zhuanyepingjia、kechengpingjia、jiaoshipingjia、xueshengpingjiaweizhutidequanliantiaoduoweidugaoxiaojiaoxuezhiliangpingjiayubaozhangtixi,jiangzhiliangyishi、zhiliangbiaozhun、zhiliangpingjia、zhiliangguanlidengluoshidaojiaoyujiaoxuegehuanjie,neihuaweishishengdegongtongjiazhizhuiqiuhezijuexingdong,tuijinzhilianggeming,shulizhiliangpinpai。

wen: 《yijian》zaiyindaojiaoshiqianxinyurenfangmiantichunaxiejutijucuo?

BG真人da: gaoxiaojiaoshidediyishenfenshilaoshi、diyigongzuoshijiaoshu、diyizerenshishangke,yaoyindaolaoshinulizuodaozhengzhiguoying、yewujingzhan、yurengaochao、jishuxianshu,zhudongchengzaiqichuanbozhishi、chuanbosixiang、chuanbozhenli,suzaolinghun、suzaoshengming、suzaoxinrendeshidaizhongren。《yijian》weiraoyindaojiaoshiqianxinyuren,tichulesigefangmiandejucuo。

BG真人yishijiaqiangjicengjiaoxuezuzhijianshe。jicengjiaoxuezuzhishihangshirencaipeiyanggongzuodezuzhijichu。tongguojiaqiangjiaoyanshi、kechengmokuaijiaoxuetuandui、kechengzudengjicengjiaoxuezuzhijianshe,zhidingwanshanxiangguanguanlizhidu,jifajicengjiaoxuezuzhihuoli。

ershiwanshanjiaoshipeixunyujilitixi。jiaqianggaoxiaojiaoshifazhanzhongxinjianshe,zhongdianmianxiangxinruzhijiaoshiheqingnianjiaoshi,kaizhangangqianhezaigangzhuanyekemupeixun,tishengjiaoxuenengli。guligaoxiaoweizhangqicongshijiaoxuegongzuodejiaoshishelirongyuzhengshuzhidu,gulishehuizuzhiduijiaoshichuzijiangli,yingzaozunshizhongjiaolianghaoshehuifengshang。

BG真人sanshijianquanzhujiaogangweizhidu。tongguomingquezhujiaogangweizhizeyaoqiu,wanshanxuanba、peixun、pingjia、jilihefankuidequanliuchengzhujiaogangweiguanlizhidu,buduanqianghuazhujiaoduiwujianshe。

sishiwanshanjiaoshikaohepingjiazhidu。tuchujiaoyujiaoxueyejizaijixiaofenpei、zhiwuzhichengpingpin、gangweijinjikaohezhongdebizhong,mingquegeleijiaoshichengdanbenkeshengkechengdejiaoxuekeshi,qieshiluoshijiaoshouquanyuanweibenkeshengshangkedeyaoqiu,tuidongjiaoshoudaojiaoxueyixianweibenkeshengjiangshoujichukehezhuanyejichuke。

BG真人wen: 《yijian》zaijiaqiangzuzhibaozhangfangmiantichunaxieyaoqiu?

da: 《yijian》weiraojiaqiangzuzhibaozhang,tichulianggefangmiandejutiyaoqiu。

yishijiaqiangdangduigaoxiaojiaoyujiaoxuegongzuodequanmianlingdao。difangdangweijiaoyugongzuobumen、gaoxiaogejidangzuzhiyaojianchiyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,jiandingshehuizhuyibanxuefangxiang,luoshi“yibenweiben、sigehuigui”deyaoqiu,jiaqiangduibenkejiaoyujiaoxuegaigedelingdao。gejilingdaoganbu、guangdajiaoshiyaobazhuyaojinglitourujiaoyujiaoxuegongzuo,shenrudangjianhesizheng、jiaoxuehekeyanyixian,qieshibazoujinxuesheng、guanaixuesheng、bangzhuxueshengluodaoshichu。

ershiwanshantigaorencaipeiyangzhiliangdebaozhangjizhi。gedijiaoyuxingzhengbumenhegaoxiaoyaozengqianggongzuozhenduixingheshixiaoxing,mingqueshenhuabenkejiaoyujiaoxuegaigezongtimubiao、zhongdianneirong、chuangxinjucuo、pingjiakaohehebaozhangjizhi,jiaqiangzhengcexiediaopeitao,diaozhengjiaoyujingfeizhichujiegou,jiadaduijiaoyujiaoxuegaigedetourulidu。

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